Causes of Stomatitis in Cats
After examining the animal's mouth, you may notice plots that have changed color, or ruts from ulcerations. Moreover, the idea of stomatitis should bring unusual pet behavior or temperature rise. What to do in such a case? The main recommendation - first of all show the animal to the vet. The fact that stomatitis huge number of different forms, requiring a different approach to treatment. In addition, this problem can be caused by a number of totally disparate reasons. The cat could get drunk some household chemicals and corroded mucous - a result of the toxic effect. You may need to conduct a comprehensive therapy in order to prevent other consequences.
Besides stomatitis may be just a symptom of another disease, frequently - more severe, such as plague, gastroenteritis, scurvy. Or just to be associated with poor teeth. Often based on noticeable symptoms cat's owner can be confused with other diseases stomatitis - such as rabies, which also causes excessive salivation. So that in all suspicious cases, consult a veterinarian can not be avoided!
The primary form of inflammation is the result of various factors: the chemical (licking acids, alkalis, chemicals), thermal (burn too hot food or eating too cold food or water), mechanical (acute damaging elements in food, for example, long bones, abnormal development teeth, fights).
Secondary stomatitis in cats - a complication or consequence of other diseases such as diabetes, gastroenteritis, glomerulonephritis, tartar, infections (plague, kaltsiviroz, papillomatosis). As this form of inflammation develops in the presence of fungal diseases, autoimmune conditions, toxic poisoning of the body.
By decreasing the incidence, stomatitis in cats is developed for the following reasons:
- disruption of the functioning of the immune system leads to the development of autoimmune stomatitis when immune corpuscles begin to tear away the tissue of roots of teeth. The exact cause of this phenomenon is unknown, but researchers have noticed a hereditary predisposition and pathological effect of dental plaque and calculus. Stomatitis occursin cats with disease of immune system, e.g., feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) or feline leukemia virus (FeLV). This kind of stomatitis appears in a catarrhal (mucosa) form, and if neglected of the treatment it is possible development of peptic form, and even gangrenous form;;
- gangrenous stomatitis in cats, as well as ulcerative stomatitis in cats, which are very difficult to cure, often the result of chronic kidney failure, a disease that often occurs in animals later in life, is an incurable and fatal;
- conventional or classic stomatitis - the only form of primary sores that occur on their own as a result of mechanical irritation or damage to the mucous membrane of the gums. In fact, the disease develops as a result of untreated gingivitis or dental abscess. Ulcerative stomatitis in cats can occur as a result of poisoning cats some chemicals.
As with any complex disease for stomatitis in cats is characterized by certain risk factors:
- Autoimmune stomatitis more inclined certain breeds of cats. Most often the disease occurs in the Siamese breed, as well as in Himalayans, Persians and Somalis. However, the disease is characteristic for many domestic short-, long-haired and eastern species.
- Early forms of autoimmune sores are develop in cats between three and five months from birth, just in the period of change of milk teeth. After nine months, the disease is much rarer.